Local biofuels could cover 30%-50% of the transport fuel needed in 2030 in a Swedish region without food production conflict and without including lignocellulose biomass from forestry.
- The study suggests that it is possible to significantly increase biofuel production as an integrated part of the existing structures also contributing with positive societal synergies.
- Assumptions regarding arable land for bioenergy production had a major influence on the bioenergy potential.
- The single largest potential is biogas production from ley grass
Biofuels for transportation in 2030: feedstocks and production plants in a Swedish county. C Ersson, J Ammenberg, M Eklund – Biofuels, 2013 4:379-395
Biogas and other biofuel production systems in Sweden are dynamic and have changed a lot over time.
“There is already an ongoing evolution of existing biofuel production into biorefinery networks, where existing biofuel industries develop their operations towards increased valorisation, productification and diversification. In that case, ongoing business-driven processes contribute to a trajectory of more resource efficient use of biomass.”
Connectedness and its dynamics in the Swedish biofuels for transport industry Carolina Ersson, Jonas Ammenberg and Mats Eklund. Progress in Industrial Ecology, 2015, 9: 269-295
Using industrial excess heat for biogas production processes is favourable regarding economic and climate performance compared to using biogas for the same purposes. This implies that biogas solutions may benefit from energy system integration
Biogas production supported by excess heat – A systems analysis within the food industry. Sarah Broberg Viklund, Emma Lindkvist. Energy Conversion and Management, 91:249–258